The fulfillment of Daniel 11:3-35 in the period of Seleucan-Ptolemaic conflicts following the death of Alexander the Great (vs. 3), that is between
Vs. 5: The Egyptian Ptolemies (“King of the South”) rose to power after Alexander’s death and division of his empire among his four generals (Cassander, Lysimachus, Seleucus, and Ptolemy); none descended from him (vs.4).
Vs. 6-7: There was strife between the King of the North (Seleucus) and the King of the South (Ptolemy). Ptolemy III attacked Seleucus Callinicus and plundered his land (vs. 8) before returning to his own land (vs. 9).
Vs. 10-19: Opposition in
Vs. 20-28: However, the Seleucid kingdom revived under the headship of Antiochus Epiphanes, the despicable person (vs. 21). He would become notorious by persecuting the Jews and desecrating the
Vs. 29-30: Then the Romans came to end the Seleucid power (“the ships of Kittim”) as Cyrus from which their forces were launched.
These historic events produced the attacks of anti-Biblical critics, suggesting that a “pseudo Daniel” wrote later. They confirmed the omniscient, authoritative word of the Lord Jesus, affirming the belief in the historic Daniel (Mark 13:14; Matt. 24:15). The theory is further rebutted by early Jewish orthodoxy who knew nothing of a “pseudo Daniel” and whose meticulous recording of Scripture would have prevented. They believed that there was a curse on anyone who denied or tampered with the Holy Scriptures. Nor is there the slightest inclination of how such a fraud could have been perpetrated upon a whole nation, obliterating the historic facts.
Zechariah Prophesied the Lord’s first coming, but mostly about His second coming. From 14:9-21, the scriptures speak of the end-time coming.
8:5-13 I will return to
9:9-10 First coming on a donkey. Coming world dominion (2nd coming).
10:6-12 Regathering – multiplication in
11:12-13 Betrayal for 30 pieces of silver (1st coming).
12:2-9 Gathering around
12:10-22 Mourning over Messiah’s coming, finally realizing their long-time rejection.
13:1-4 Messiah’s theocratic reign, end of impurity, false prophecy.
13:7 The shepherd smitten by God (interlude).
13:8-9 Refining of
14:1-7 The second coming of Messiah –
14:8-11 Day when living waters flow out of
14:12-15 Judgment on attacking armies.
14:16-19 Survivors and remnant believers worship the Lord as He reigns.
14:20-21 Holiness will prevail.