Woollen and Linen

shalt not wear a garment of divers sorts, as of woollen and linen together",
22:11 KJV.  

The path of the church of God
is a narrow path, such a one that the mere moral sense will continually mistake
it. But this should be welcome to us, because it tells us that the Lord looks
that His saints be exercised in His truth and ways, unlearning the mere right
and wrong of human thoughts that they may be filled with the mind of Christ. 

(Luke 9:52-56) 

The case of Elijah judging the captains
of the king of Israel, referred to as it is in the course of the gospels, brings
these thoughts to mind. The Lord had steadily set His face toward Jerusalem under
the sense of this, that "he should be received up". Something of the thought
of glory and of the kingdom was stirring in His soul.

I believe the consciousness
of His personal dignity and of His high destiny, as we speak among men, was filling
Him as He began His journey toward Jerusalem. "It came to pass, when the time
was come that he should be received up, he steadfastly set his face to go to
Jerusalem, and sent messengers before his face".

The expression of conscious dignity
breaks forth from this and gives character to the moment, and the disciples feel
it. They appear to catch the tone of His mind, and therefore, when the very first
village, through which the path of their ascending Lord lay, refused Him entrance
they resent it, and would fain, like Elijah in other days, destroy these insulting
captains of Israel. 

This was nature, the natural sense also of right and
wrong. Why then did the Lord rebuke it? It was not wanting in either righteousness
or affection. The day will come when the enemies of Christ, who would not that
He should reign over them, shall be slain before Him. There was nothing unrighteous
in the demand, "Wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven, and
consume them, even as Elias did?", if we but think for a moment of the person
and rights of Him who was thus wronged and insulted. 

Nor was there a wrong
affection in this motion of the heart. Jealousy for their divine Master stirred
it; this motion may be honoured, the moral sense may justify it fully; but Christ
rebukes it: "Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of", said the Lord to them. 

why, again I ask, this rebuke? Was it because they were exacting beyond the claims
of Him whom they sought to avenge?No, as we have said, for such claims will have
their day; but the disciples were not in the spiritual intelligence of the moment
through which they were passing. 

They had not "the mind of Christ"; they
did not discern the time so as to know what Israel ought to do, 1 Chronicles
12:32; they were not distinguishing things that differ; they were not rightly
dividing the word of truth. 

This was their error: "Ye know not what manner
of spirit ye are of, for the Son of man is not come to destroy men's lives, but
to save them". It was not a wrong principle of moral action which the Lord discovers
in their souls, but ignorance of the real or divine character of the moment through
which they were passing.

They did not perceive - what thousands (disciples of
this day, as they were of that day) do not yet perceive - that the path of Christ
to glory does not lie through the judgment of the world, but through the surrender
of it; not through self-vindication, but through self-renunciation. 

was their mistake, and this is what the Lord rebuked.

They naturally thought that
this indignity must be recognised; that, if the prospect of glory was filling
the mind of their Master, and if they themselves, in the spirit of such a moment,
had gone before His face to prepare His way, whatever stands in the way must
surely be set aside. Nature judged thus; and nature thus judging would be justified
by the moral sense of man. 

But the mind of Christ has its peculiar way,
and nothing guides the saint fully but that: analogy will not do, there must
be the spiritual mind to try and challenge even analogies. 

Certain correspondences
were remarkable here: Elijah was but a stage or two from the glory, just going
onward to be "received up", when he smote again and again the captains and their

He was on a hill, full of great anticipations, we may say, and the chariots
and horsemen of Israel and his heavenly journey were lying but a little before
him in vision. 

The soul of their Master appeared to the disciples on this
occasion to be much in company with that of Elijah. But analogies will not do,
and the use of them here was confounding everything, taking the Lord Jesus out
of His day of grace into the time of His judgments; inviting Him or urging Him
to act in the spirit of the times of Revelation 11 when He was in the hour of
Luke 4. 

The witnesses of Revelation 11 may go to heaven through the destruction
of their enemies, fire going out of their mouth to consume them that hurt them,
as after the pattern of Elijah; but analogies are not the rule. 

They must
be challenged by that "mind of Christ" which distinguishes things that differ,
and which teaches in the light of the word that Jesus goes to heaven through
a path which procures the salvation and not the destruction of men; through His
renunciation of the world and not His judgment of it.

Elijah avenged himself
on the insulting captains and then went to heaven; the witnesses will ascend
to heaven, and their enemies shall behold them, Revelation 11:3-11. But Jesus
takes the form of a servant, and is obedient unto death, and then God highly
exalts Him. And so the saint: so the church. "Ye are they which have continued
with me in my temptations. I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed

Here was the mistake: here was the not knowing what manner of spirit
they were of. Analogy strongly favoured the motion of their minds. The moral
sense, which judges according to man's thoughts and not in the light of God's
mysteries, justified it. But He who divinely distinguishes things that differ
rebuked it: "Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of". The way of the disciples
here would have disturbed everything, counteracting all the purpose of God. 

Parable of the Tares: Matthew 13 

They remind me of the servants in the
parable of the tare-field. The disciples were right according to man, and so
were those servants. 

Is it not fitting to weed the wheat? Are not tares
a hindrance, sharing the strength of the soil with the good seed, while they
themselves are good for nothing? The common sense of man, the right moral judgment,
would say all this, but the mind of Christ says the very contrary: "Let both
grow together until the harvest". 

Christ judged only according to divine
mysteries. That is what formed the mind in the Master, perfect as it was; and
that is what must form the like mind in the saint. God had purposes respecting
the field. A harvest was to come and angels were to be sent to reap it, and then
a fire was to be kindled for the bundled and separated tares; but as yet, in
the hour of Matthew 13, there were no angels at their harvest-work in the field,
nor fire kindled for the weeds, but all was the patient grace of the Master. 

Lord will have the field uncleared for the present. The mysteries of God, the
counselled thoughts and purposes of heaven, precious and glorious beyond all
measure, demand this;and nothing is right but the path that is taken in the light
of the Lord, in the knowledge of the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven. 

is the church to go to heaven through a purified or regulated or adorned world,
any more than Christ would have gone to heaven through a judged world. This is
to be well weighed; for what is Christendom about? Just practically gainsaying
all this. Christendom affects to regulate the world, to keep the field clean,
to make the path to heaven and glory lie through a well ordered and ornamented

It has put the sword into the hand of the followers of Christ. It
will not wait for the harvest, nor will it go into "another village". It avenges
wrongs instead of suffering them. It orders the church on the principles of a
well regulated nation and not on the pattern of an earth-rejected Jesus. It is
full of the falsest thoughts, judging according to the moral sense of man and
not in the light of the mysteries of God. It is wise in its own conceits. 

know full well there beat in the midst of it a thousand hearts true in their
love to Christ; but they know not what manner of spirit they are of. 

I know
that zeal, if it be for Christ, though misdirected, is better than a chill at
the heart or indifference as to His rights or His wrongs. But still, the only
perfect path is that which is taken in the sight of the Lord in the understanding
of the mysteries of God, and the call of God, and the directions of the energy
of the Spirit, and not merely after the fashion or dictates of the morals and
thoughts of men. 

And the call of God now demands that the tare-field be
left unpurged, that the indignity of the Samaritans be left unavenged, that the
resources and strength of the flesh and of the world be refused rather than used,
and that the church should reach the heavens, not through the judgment of the
world by her hands,but through the renunciation of it by her heart, and separation
from it in company with a rejected Master. 

"He that gathereth not with me
scattereth", Luke 11:23; that is, he that does not work according to Christ's
purpose is really making bad worse. It is not enough to work with the name of
Christ: no saint would consent to work without that; but if he do not work according
to the purpose of Christ he is scattering abroad. 

Many a saint is now engaged
in rectifying and adorning the world - getting Christendom as a swept and garnished
house; but, this not being Christ's purpose, it is aiding and furthering the
advance of evil. Christ has not expelled the unclean spirit out of the world.
He has no such present purpose. 

The enemy may change his way, but he is
as much "the god" and "prince of this world" as ever he was. The house is his
still, as in the parable (Luke 11:24-26). The unclean spirit had gone out, that
was all; he had not been sent out by the stronger Man so that his title to it
is clear; and he returns, and all that he finds there had only made it more an
object with him. He finds it clean and ornamented; so that he returns with many
a kindred spirit and thus makes its last state worse than its first.  

and Peter 

Mistakes of this kind are very old mistakes. David was erring
this way when he purposed to build a house for the Lord; but it was an error,
though committed with a right desire of the heart. 

The time had not come
for building the Lord a house, because the Lord had not yet built David a house.
The land was still defiled with blood; and till it was cleansed there was no
place for the rest and kingdom of the Lord. 

David therefore greatly erred,
yet not through double-mindedness but through ignorance. David's error was this - that
the Lord could take His throne in the earth before the earth was purged. 

servants in the parable erred on the other hand in this, that the church was
made the instrument of purging the earth or the world. 

I might say, in the
language of the Levitical ordinance, that David was about to put on a garment
of "divers sorts", but the Lord prevented it. The motion of his heart - as far
as it was expressive of himself - was acceptable with the Lord, but still it
was hindered and disappointed. 

Something to tell us how jealous the Lord
is that His own principles be observed and the position in which He has set His
servants and witnesses be maintained; nay, that even the most affectionate and
jealous desire of the saint, though it be valued by the Lord and get its personal
reward or acceptance, can never reconcile the mind of the Lord to an abandonment
of His thoughts and purposes. 

All would be confusion. David's thoughts,
however innocent and in some sense to be approved of God, would have confused
everything, bringing about this strange result - the Lord taking His throne in
an uncleansed kingdom and allowing His servant to give Him rest before He had
given His servant rest! 

What confusion this would have been! What an evil
testimony these mixed principles would have produced! Who could have read in
the result, had it been allowed, either the grace or the glory of the God of

The rebuke of Peter at Antioch was more peremptory; for Peter erred,
not like David, through ignorance, but through the occasional fear of man, which,
as we are taught and as we experience, "bringeth a snare"; and it was something
worse than confusion, it was perversion - in Deuteronomy 20:19-20 we have an
ordinance against perversion, or turning things to a wrong use. 

But still,
even if it amount only to confusion, and that by the hand of the dearest and
most loved servant, it is not to be allowed, as this case of David shews; as
also in his other act of bearing the ark from Kirjath-jearim. 

The confusion
there was not made excusable by all the true-heartedness and religious joy that
attended it, 1 Chronicles 13: it could not be. Place by subjection was not
to be given to it for an hour, and, however acceptable with God the motion of
David's heart was, these ways must be withstood, because the way, and purpose,
and counsel, and thoughts of the Lord are precious in His sight and are to stand
for ever.

It is not that David and Peter were men of mixed principles, as
the word is, or were wearing, as the ordinance speaks, garments of woollen and
linen, but these instances in their history illustrate a serious truth, which
is much to be remembered, that the Lord will vindicate His own principles in
the face of even His dearest servants, that He will and He must withstand the
motions of their hearts if they go to obscure or disturb His purpose and His
testimony, even though such motions have much of a personal, moral character
in them which He can accept and delight in.  


beside these cases of David and of Peter, and of the disciples in Luke 9, who,
in mistaken, misapplied zeal for the Lord whom they loved, would have avenged
His wrongs with a true and righteous affection, there is a generation who are
seen apart from the way of God through double-mindedness. 

Such a generation
may be tracked all through Scripture, a people of mixed principles, as we say,
who wear garments of woollen and linen contrary to the call of God and the pure
ordinances of His house. It may be humbling to oneself more than to most others
to look at such a generation, but it has its profit for the soul and its seasonableness
in this hour.  


Lot was associated with the call of
God. Like Abram, his uncle, he left Mesopotamia, and then after the death of
Terah, his grandfather, he came with Abram into Canaan, and he was a righteous
man, there was no palpable blot upon him. 

Abram betrayed the way of nature,
again and again recovering himself, with shame too, from the snare of Egypt and
of Abimelech. But Lot was not so rebuked all the time he sojourned in Sodom.
We only read of him that his righteous soul was vexed with the filthy conversation
of the wicked. But withal, he was sadly of the generation I am now speaking of. 

Abram's garment was soiled now and again it was not "a garment of divers sorts",
but Lot's garment was "woollen and linen". He was untrue to the call of God;
he became a citizen when he ought to have been only a sojourner, choosing well-watered
plains and taking a house in a city, when God's witness was going over the face
of the country from tent to tent, and from one tabernacle to another. 

mistakes are recorded of him; but what then? He was a man of mixed principles
all his days, while Abraham all his days was true to the call of God. And his
life of false principles leads him into sorrows that are his shame, and that
is the real misery of sorrow. He was taken captive while he lived in the plains
of Sodom, and was nigh unto destruction after he had removed to the city of Sodom;
and he is still, and ever has been in the church, the witness of one, saved it
is true, but "so as by fire". 

He had no comfort in his soul; his righteous
soul was vexed day by day. This is told of him, but no brightness is there: no
joy, no strength, no triumph of spirit is told of him. The angels held much reserve
towards him, while the Lord of angels was in nearness and intimacy with Abraham. 

had to escape with his life as a prey when Abraham was on high beholding the
judgment afar off. And, what is full of meaning, we observe that after he had
taken his own course and become a man of mixed principles, departing from the
track where the call of God would have kept him, he and Abraham had no communion. 

will run to his help in the day when his principles were bringing him into jeopardy;
but there is no communion between them. They could not meet in spirit. The saint
of God will own him as his kinsman, and do him the kinsman's service; but there
is no present communion between them. And this is no uncommon case to this day.  

was Lot. Instead of making his calling and election sure, he is one whom the
people of God receive on the extraordinary testimony of the Holy Ghost, rather
than on the necessary and blessed credit of his assured call of God, or as one
of that people of whom Paul could say, "Knowing, brethren beloved, your election
of God".  


Nature prevails sadly and variously
in all the recorded saints of God; in some more, in some less, just as the fruitfulness
of the Spirit is seen in them in affections and services; in some thirtyfold,
in some sixty, and in some an hundred. 

But this is a different thing from
being men of mixed principles. It was so with David. Nature prevailed in him
at times, but he was never a man of mixed principles. 

He never deliberately
sat down in a connection which was untrue to the call of God under which he had
to act. His character was formed by that call and his ways were according to
it: but it was not so with his friend Jonathan; his life was not formed by the
call of God, and the energy of the Spirit working in the rule of that call. He
acted nobly and graciously at times, but still he was not the separated man.
He was not true to the pure principles of God made manifest in that day. He was
a man of faith, and of many endearing spiritual affections, such as give him,
without reserve, a place in the recollections of the saints. But withal he was
not where the call of God would have had him. Saul's court was a defiled, even
an apostate, place then. 

God was with David then. The glory was in the wilderness
with him; the dens and caves of the earth hid it in that day. The ephod was with
David, the priest, the sword of God's strength, the witness of victory. The flower
and promise of the land were with him also, those who gain a name in the cave
of Adullam, or in the day of vengeance at Ziklag. Such sons of Israel as these,
such as shine afterwards in the court and camp of the kingdom, were all with
David then. 

The call of God was then to the caves and dens of the earth
with the son of Jesse, and the energy of the Spirit worked there; but Jonathan
was not there. That is the sad story. Jonathan was not where the glory was, where
the priest with the ephod was, where the rejected man after God's own heart was,
where all the promise of the coming kingdom was. That is the sad story. 

was lovely individually, he had done some noble deeds and was breathing some
heavenly affections; and to the end we may be sure David lived in his heart;
and many misgivings about his own father, we may be equally sure, that same heart
was troubled with. He never personally gave David anything but joy; while we
know those who companied with him, even in his afflictions, were betimes both
a shame and a sorrow to him. But still his position was not true to the call
of God in that day. It kept him apart from all that was of God then, though he
had the Lord with himself personally. Till he falls on Mount Gilboa, he is with
the camp and the court that fall with him there, dishonoured and defeated as
they were, having ere then lost the glory, and all that was of God nationally
departed from them. 

A common case he illustrates. Was it ignorance of the
call of God, or double-mindedness? We will not say; but still in this our day
there is, like Jonathan, many a saint dear to one's heart, and outshining in
personal graces the larger number of the day, who is found apart from the place
where the energy of the Spirit, according to the rule of the dispensation, works. 

and generous deeds are done by them individually, but their connection is their
dishonour, as it was Jonathan's - linked with a world which is speedily to meet
the judgment, and in courts and camps which are to lie in the midst of the uncircumcised,
with them that be slain with the sword. "Tell it not in Gath, publish it
not in the streets of Askelon". Jonathan illustrates this, and this is known
abundantly to this hour. But Jonathan cannot sanction the place; Jonathan's presence
did not make Saul's camp or court other than it was.

The only impression
the soul has of Lot in Sodom is that of a tainted Lot and not of a sanctified,
purified Sodom. According to the word in Haggai, "If one bear holy flesh in the
skirt of his garment, and with his skirt do touch bread, or pottage, or wine,
or oil, or any meat, shall it be holy? And the priests answered and said, No".
But "If one that is unclean by a dead body touch any of these, shall it be unclean?
And the priests answered and said, It shall be unclean". 

There are, however, "things
that differ", and the soul exercised of God is to distinguish them. There is
a soiled garment which is, however, at the same time not a mixed garment, a garment
of "divers sorts", of "woollen and linen". 

Our way under the Spirit is to
keep our garments undefiled; and anything other or less than that is not the
way of communion with the Lord. But still, a soiled garment is not a mixed garment;
nor is a garment with a thread now and again of another sort to be mistaken for
one whose texture is wrought on the very principle of "woollen and linen". 

ever fruitful and perfect, exhibits characters formed by what has been termed "mixed
principles" and characters which occasionally become tainted by such, but are
not throughout formed by them. 

The life of Lot, as we have been seeing,
was formed of mixed principles throughout. There was double-mindedness in Lot;
I say not the same with the same clearness of Jonathan; but still the life of
each of them from the outset to the close, when the scene of temptation set in,
was tainted by connection with evil. 

Lot, though associated with the call
of God, was a man of the earth; Jonathan, though witnessing the sorrows and the
wrongs of David, continued in the interests of the persecutor unto the end.

life was thus formed by connections which were untrue to the way of God and the
presence of the glory all through. The garment upon each of them was made of
divers sorts, of woollen and linen. 

But look at Jacob in contrast, and in
him we find one of another generation; he was a cautious man who had his worldly
fears and schemes and calculations; and they greatly disfigure several passages
of his life. His building of a house at Succoth, his buying of a piece of ground
at Shechem, were things untrue to the pilgrim life, the tent life, which a son
of Abraham was called to know. 

But Jacob is not to be put with Lot; his
life was not formed by Succoth and Shechem, though we thus see him there, and
out of character there, but he was a stranger with God in the earth. And in the
closing days of his pilgrimage, when he was in Egypt, though with many a circumstance
around him there to tempt him to have it otherwise, we have many a beautiful
witness of the healthful and recovered state of his soul.  

The Days
of Ahab 

The days, for instance, of Ahab king of Israel, king of the
ten tribes, were fruitful in illustrations of this kind. There were in those
days an Elijah and a Micaiah, a Jehoshaphat and an Obadiah, beside seven thousand
who had not bowed the knee to the image of Baal; and all these in the midst of
the foulest departure from the ways of God, the times of Jezebel and her abominations. 

all these are not to be classed together. To use the language of "woollen and
linen", or "garments of divers sorts", I might say there was no mistaking the
cloth of Elijah and Micaiah. The leathern girdle of the one and the prison bands
of the other tell us what men they were and bespeak their complete separation. 

seven thousand we cannot speak of particularly; we know them only under the hand
of God as "a remnant according to the election of grace", and that in an evil
day they "had not bowed the knee to the image of Baal". 

But Obadiah was
not Elijah, and again, as between him and Jehoshaphat, we are still to distinguish;
such was the moral variety illustrated for our admonition in these days.  


king of Judah, of the house and lineage of David, was a separate man, but a man
who at times, and that too pretty largely, is found in defiling connection. He
was of Jacob's generation, though it may be more faulty than Jacob in that generation.
Vanity betrayed him again and again, as worldly policy betrayed the patriarch. 

joined affinity with Ahab. In the day of the battle he put on the royal apparel,
a garment sadly and shamefully of "divers sorts"; and it was near costing him
his life, as the same clothing nearly cost Lot his life in the city of Sodom. 

acted there in terrible inconsistency with the sanctity and separateness of the
house of David. But, though all this is so, I am not disposed to put Jehoshaphat
in company with Lot. His life was not one of mixed principles; his garment was
not advisedly wrought of "woollen and linen" together, though sadly and shamefully
untrue to the testimony which became a son of David and a king in Jerusalem.
Very noble deeds were done by his hands, and very dear affections were breathed
by his spirit, and the God of his father owned him; but, like Jacob, and to a
more painful extent, he was betrayed; he was betrayed into connections which
make his testimony a very mixed, imperfect thing. 

It was not merely nature
prevailing at times - that may be seen in all, in those of the best generation,
in Abraham, and in David.It was not merely a soiled garment whose blot is palpable,
but a garment the texture of which is scarcely discernible, whether indeed it
be of one sort or a condemned garment of "woollen and linen"; so shamefully do
the "divers sorts" appear in it at times, but not throughout.  


the garment which Obadiah wore in those days cannot be mistaken. It needs no
close inspection to make out what it is. The "divers sorts" of woollen and linen
are to be seen in it from head to foot. His life was of that texture. It was
not that he was betrayed at times merely, nor was it that his way was stained
at times, but his whole life evinces a man of mixed principles. 

He was a
godly man, but his ways were not according to the energy of the Spirit in that
day. He had respect to the afflictions of the prophets, hiding them in caves
from the persecution and feeding them there; but all the while he was the adviser,
the companion, and the minister of king Ahab, in whose kingdom the iniquity was
practised. The "linen and woollen" thus formed the garment that he wore all his
days. It was not the leathern girdle of Elijah; and when they come together this
difference is preserved and expressed most strikingly.  

Obadiah is at some
effort to conciliate the mind of Elijah. He reminds him of what he had done for
the persecuted prophets of God in the day of their trouble and tells him that
he feared the Lord; but Elijah moves but slowly and coldly towards him. Painful
all this between two saints of God, but it is far from being rarely experienced;
it is a common thing, I would say, but much more commonly felt than owned. 1 Kings 18. 

could have been no blending of the spirits of Abraham and Lot after Lot took
the way of his eye and of his heart and continued in that direction - a citizen
of Sodom. We are not told this, it is true, in the history; but we find from
the history, as I observed before, that they never meet after that, and we may
easily know why. Because such things are real and living things still. The Abrahams
and the Lots of this day do not meet; or if they meet it is not communion. They
do not enjoy refreshment in the bowels of Christ. 

Abraham rescued Lot from
the hands of the king Chedorlaomer, but this was no meeting of saints; they could
not blend. And if the people of God cannot come together in character they had
better be asunder. In spirit they are already severed. 

So was it in a far
more vivid expression of it in Elijah and Obadiah. The man with the leathern
girdle - God's stranger in the land in the days of Ahab - could not be found
much in company with the governor of Ahab's house. But they meet in an evil day,
a day which may remind us of the day of the valley of the slime pits, the day
of Lot's captivity.  

Ahab his master had divided the land with Obadiah to
search for water in the day of drought. The Lord his God had put the sword of
His servant Elijah over the land to give it neither rain nor dew; and in an hour
of Obadiah's perplexity and of Elijah's commission under God they meet. The occasion
is one of interest and meaning and has lessons for our souls. There is effort
on the part of Obadiah and reserve with Elijah. This is naturally and necessarily
so. Obadiah seeks to combine with Elijah, but Elijah resents the effort. Obadiah
calls Elijah his lord, but Elijah reminds him that Ahab is his lord. 

this will not do. We are not to be serving the world and going on in the course
of it behind each other's backs and then, when we come together, assume that
we meet as saints. This will not do; but the attempt to have it so is very natural,
nay, it is very common to this hour. 

But Elijah acted in character, faithful
to his brother now as he had been to his Lord before; and beautiful this is,
and precious it ought to be whenever we get it. Obadiah had been walking with
the world in Elijah's absence, and Elijah cannot let him now assume that he was
one with him though in his presence. 

Obadiah pleads: "What have I sinned
that .". But why this? Elijah had not accused him of sinning. Why this alarm
and perturbation of spirit? Elijah was not hazarding his life or safety, or any
of his interests; he was disturbing nothing that belonged to him. 

Why this
alarm and taking refuge in the thought of finding his plea in the fact that he
had not sinned? It is a poor, low state of soul when a saint has only the consciousness
of this, that he has not sinned. Is that enough to enjoy the communion or understand
the mind of an Elijah? 

Had not Obadiah been in Ahab's palace when Elijah
was by the brook Cherith? That is the question, and not the question whether
he had sinned or not. Had Obadiah been with him over the barrel of meal or the
cruse of oil? 

Elijah had not told him that he had been sinning; he need
not shelter himself or commend himself thus. But Elijah cannot but let him know
that their spirits were not blending; for they had met from different quarters. 

it not told my lord what I did when Jezebel slew the prophets?" What was all
this to the point? Elijah had not been going over his past history; it was better
to leave the most of it untold; and it is a miserable thing for a saint of God
to be trading after this manner on his character or his past ways. This is no
title, no sufficient title, for the present communion of the saints, nor competency
for it either. 

And these are Obadiah's thoughts and refuges and pleadings
now that he is in the presence of a faithful witness of Christ. He had not sinned,
and in days past he had done service. 

What a low sense of the common calling
of the people of God the soul must have that can think it can be maintained and
that saints can go on together on such a title and competency as this!

If the
world be served when we are behind each other's back, though we may not have
sinned, as people speak, and though we may have had character and done services
in past days, we are not fit for each other's presence as saints of God. 

we been in the heavenlies or in Ahab's court? Have we been making provision for
the flesh or desiring the things of Christ? There are other things than
pleading "we have not sinned", or trading on established character and past services.
These are what alone fit us for the true communion of saints. 

Obadiah was
governor over Ahab's house; how could such a one as Elijah be comfortable or
at ease with him? He felt reserve, and he expressed it in manner if not in words.
Obadiah is the man of words on the occasion - that was natural also, and is the
ordinary style of such occasions or of such intercourses between Elijahs and
Obadiahs to this hour. For indeed it is not communion when there is effort on
the one side and reserve on the other. This is surely not the communion of saints. 

it all has a voice in it, and is common enough now-a-days. They were not in company
with each other; that was the fact. Their spirits could not blend. The garment
of divers sorts, of woollen and of linen, which a saint of God could not but
wear in Ahab's court, ill-matched the leathern girdle of a separated, suffering
witness of Christ. We see this saint of God thus in his party-coloured dress
but once; but this voice is thus full of holy, serious meaning to us. 

poor widow of Zarephath, whom Elijah had lately left, enjoyed the full flow of
Elijah's sympathies; and that humble, distant homestead, with its barrel of meal
and its cruse of oil, had witnessed living communion between kindred spirits,
and presented a scene which had its spring and its reward with God. 

Elijah and Obadiah were not thus in company with each other. Elijah is too true
to let Obadiah come near to him in spirit or to answer the effort he was making
to conciliate him. 

There is character in all this I am fully sure. Abraham
and Lot never met, as we have said, after they parted on Lot's lifting up his
eyes on the well-watered plains of Sodom. There was moral distance quite sufficient
to keep them asunder, though a sabbath day's journey might have brought them
together. Very significant evidence that is! 

And so Elijah and Obadiah:
their meeting was no meeting. As well might Abraham's rescue of Lot out of the
hands of Chedorloamer be called a meeting. This was not "the communion of saints".
This was not refreshment of bowels in the Lord. But all this repeats for the
heart an oft-told tale.  


Ebed-melech, in the
days of another Elijah, was a man of this Obadiah generation, not, however, so
strongly marked as his elder brother. 

Like him he loved the prophet of God,
and in the face of an injurious and insulting court, and hindered by the timid
policy of the king, pleaded for Jeremiah and served him with gracious personal

But he was not a witness as the prophet was. He was afraid of the
Chaldean - Jeremiah 39:17 - the sword of the Lord's anger, and such was not the
condition of the Lord's witness. But his weakness was not despised in the rich
grace of God. His measure received its measure again, and in the day of the judgment
of the Lord Ebed-melech got his life for a prey when Jeremiah was had in honour.
Ebed-melech was saved then, but that was all; the prophet was rewarded. 

have we seen a generation in other days who, though the people of the Lord, shew
themselves sadly apart from the place to which the call of God would have led
them. Such was Lot and such was Jonathan, and such were Obadiah and Ebed-melech.
It was more or less double-mindedness in them or love of the world in greater
or smaller power in their souls. 

But such a generation is abundant to this
hour. Saints are seen in situations and connections from which the call of God
would separate them just as surely as it would have kept Lot out of Sodom. 

this may be added with equal sureness in a multitude of cases: this impure connection
arises from ignorance or want of hearts instructed in the kingdom of God. They
have not listened to the voice of the mysteries of the kingdom but conferred
with flesh and blood. They have not heard the Shepherd's voice calling them outside. 

have not understood the church as a heavenly stranger on the earth, and that
connection - religious connection - with the world is Lot in Sodom, or an Israelite
with a garment of "divers sorts, as of woollen and linen". The world is marked
for judgment even more surely than Sodom was; ten righteous would have spared
the cities of the plain, but nothing can cancel the judgment of "this present
evil world".  

Here let me add, however, that the distinction of Lot and
of Jonathan may be seen in many a soul now a days. Lot had nothing to sanction
Sodom to him; all that he knew to be of God was outside; and even nature had
no plea to plead for Sodom. 

Abraham and Sarah were outside, the witnesses
of the call and presence of God, and his kindred in the flesh. All that was sacred
in religion or nature were outside; and providences pleaded with him to the same
end, for the plains of Sodom had already brought him into jeopardy of life and
liberty, and warned him to dread the city. 

It was the world and
nothing else that was heard in Lot's heart in favour of Sodom. But with Jonathan nature had
a plea. All that was of God, it is true, was in that day outside Saul's court
and camp; but the claims of kindred, the voice of nature, nay, the authority
of nature, were known and felt from within. The father and the family were there
though David and God were not. 

And so now-a-days. There is many a thing
that pleads from within. Nature, things moral and religious, plead there; opportunities
of service and testimony, obedience to authority, maintenance of order, the dangers
and evils threatened to the social well-being, the peace of families, and example
to children and servants: these things are pleaded, and they all come from within,
and put in various claims for the course of the world. But these, and all such
put together, can never speak to the saint or plead with him with the authority
of the call of God. 

If the church be a heavenly stranger on the earth, alliance
with the world defiles her, nay, ruins her as a witness for God; and to defile
after this manner, to seduce from the place of testimony, is the enemy's purpose
and has been so from the beginning. 

Was not the serpent in the garden seducing
Adam from the place the Lord God had set him in? Nay, earlier even than that,
are we not told about the angels that sinned that they kept not their first estate? 

afterwards with Israel, "Ye are my witnesses", says the Lord of them; but the
enemy prevailed till the testimony was gone. "His house shall be called a house
of prayer, but ye have made it a den of thieves". Here were successful attempts
of the enemy to drag from the place in which God had set His witness. 

is not merely that there was a soil, or a blemish, or a rupture, but a revolt,
a departure, a yielding up to the enemy the great purpose or thought of God. 

contrary effect precisely, in the precisely like attempt, as has been observed
by another, is seen in Jesus. "If thou be the Son of God", said the tempter.
His design was to lead Him to the abandonment of His place, His place of perfect
and entire subjection which knows only God's will. 

But all was perfection
and victory in Jesus, but in Jesus only, whether before Him or after Him; for
the witness of this dispensation has been as corrupted as others. That which
was set to be a heavenly stranger on earth, the companion of the rejected Christ,
has faithlessly allied herself with the rejecting world; and what ruin can be
more complete than this?  

The Man of God from Judah 

The "man
of God" who was deceived by the old prophet would have had security in the divine
principles had his soul been alive to them. The word received, it is most sure,
would have secured him; for it expressly forbade his eating and drinking in that

But divine principles would have been his shelter also. The word
he had received when he set out on his journey was founded upon them, as we may
easily perceive. For how, I ask, could the Lord employ an unclean vessel? The
old prophet had been clearly laid aside as unfit for the Master's use. He was
dwelling in the very city where the Lord had a business to be done, but he was
passed by. The Lord had gone down to Judah to get a witness against the altar
at Bethel, though a saint of His own was living on the very spot. How could "the
man of God" think that the Lord could employ the prophet of Bethel as His vessel?
He had already passed him by. He had already after this manner treated him as
unfit for His use, according to the principles of His own house that an unpurged
vessel is not fit for service, 2 Timothy 2. How could the man from Judah be careless
about all this? 

The word he had received was enough to tell him how this
principle of God's honour was at that moment, so to speak, alive in God's thoughts,
because he was enjoined neither to eat not to drink in that unclean place, nor
was he to return by the way that he came: so particular was the commandment in
keeping him apart from all fellowship with that against which He was employing
him to testify. 

And yet "the man of God" is beguiled to receive a message
as from the Lord by the hand of one who was in contact and communion with the
unclean thing, against which he has been brought all the way from Judah to testify!
Strange forgetfulness! Sad and shameful carelessness about the principles of
the house of God. A saint as he was, and servant as he was, faithful too in the
face of the offers of a king - his carcase is not to come to the sepulchre of
his fathers. 1 Kings 13.  

Micaiah versus Jehoshaphat 

the eye is single the whole body is full of light. There is consistency and harmony
in the action when the moving principle is maintained single and unmixed. 

action in 2 Chronicles 18 was of such a nature, but Jehoshaphat's body was
then anything but "full of light". In the hour when he left Micaiah to go to
the prison of king Ahab while he himself accompanied that same king of Israel
to the battle, who would have known him to be a saint of God? 

Where was
the body "full of light" then? It was the clouding and overcasting of all the
illumination which he really partook of. There was no harmony, there was no pure
and cloudless noonday marking the pathway of Jehoshaphat then; no making of "his
calling and election sure", as the apostle speaks.

 It is happy to follow
that dear man a stage farther, 2 Chronicles 20. For in the days of Ammon,
Moab and Mount Seir, Jehoshaphat's body is again "full of light". He acts as
a son of David ought to act; he seeks the Lord and the Lord only; and all is
faith and victory and joy. 

But when in the earlier day Micaiah was sent
to the prison of Ahab and he himself went to the battle of Ahab, where was the
son of David then? The whole body was full of darkness.  

The Returned

The captives, returned from Babylon to the land and city of
their fathers, in like manner read us an instructive lesson on this subject of
the garment of "divers sorts"; and their history affords both encouragement and

They do not refuse to accept the punishment of the nation's sin,
and therefore they take their place in subjection to the Gentile power whom God
had set over them for their sins. They accept the favour of Cyrus, of Darius,
and of Artaxerxes, in the spirit of the injunction "honour to whom honour, fear
to whom fear". They speak of a Gentile power as "the great and noble Asnapper",
and evidently feel grateful for the kindness shewn to them by one after another
of these powers, blessing God because of them, and ready-hearted, I am sure,
to pray for the life of the king and of his sons. 

But with all this they
were a separated people. Their refusal of Samaritan connection was as earnest
as their acceptance of the favours of the Gentiles. The zeal and revenge, and
clearing of themselves of the mixed principle and of the abomination of bringing
Greeks into the temple to pollute that holy place, was as simple and firm as
it would have been in the days of Joshua or of David. 

They refused the garments
of divers sorts. If they would have worn that livery, it might have saved them
much trouble in the progress of the work of their hands, which was also the work
of the Lord; but they could not and would not. The thing was not according to
the ordinance; and they would not. 

Paul might have saved himself a prison
if he had accepted the testimony of the damsel at Philippi; but it was Samaritan
help again, or something worse, and he could not; and the man who on that occasion
refused the garment of woollen and linen must therefore for his faithfulness
have his feet made fast in the stocks and wear prison bands. But all is right
in the end whether with Paul or the returned captives. Their God pleads their

Here, however, some new and serious points of instruction on the
matter of mixed principles occur. I feel I can pursue this with a sense of personal
need and application. 

The further history of the captives from Babylon
warns us as well as instructs us. They refuse the strange alliance, they will
not wear
the garment of divers sorts, but then they wear their own garments without
a girdle
; that is the moral of the story. 

They go to build their own
houses when the Samaritan enmity stops their building of the Lord's. This is
warning to us, as it was shame to them, and the Spirit of the Lord has to awaken
them as from sleep and intoxication. They served themselves when the service
of the Lord was interrupted. Ease and indulgence and self-pleasing take the
place which had now been left vacant.

Haggai and Zechariah
have to call them to the girding of their loins and the trimming of their lamps.
no means do they send them back to make terms with the Samaritans. They do
not tell them that they erred in refusing the garment of divers sorts, they
call on them to gird up the pure garments they were wearing - to do the Lord's
work in the Lord's way though Samaritans might again withstand them. 

this is full of meaning for us. The Spirit of God, let the exigency be what it
may, will never have the saint in "woollen and linen"; but at the same time He
would have the pure garment girded. An ungirded garment though pure is not after
His mind; and often does He find that wanting, as in the days of Haggai and Zechariah,
and this is our deep rebuke - a pure position kept with little spiritual grace. 

returned captives were in the right position. Their place was a better place
than that of their brethren who dwelt still in the distant cities of the uncircumcised,
and they did well, as I have been saying, when they refused alliance with the
Samaritans; such alliance would be but the wearing of garments of divers sorts,
of "woollen and linen".  

This they did not do; but those who stand such
a trial fail under another. Though they thus refuse to wear mixed clothing their
garments, as we have seen, were not girded, and even worse than that, they were
sadly soiled and spotted. These returned Jews were doing much worse than their
brethren who were off in the distant lands of the heathen. Their ways in the
Holy Land were deeply rebuked by the ways of their brethren among the Gentiles.
The Jews abroad had redeemed their brethren from the heathen to whom they had
been sold, while the Jews at home or the captives returned to Jerusalem were
selling their brethren for debt. Nehemiah 5. 

What a sad sight! What a humbling
and searching fact! Is there not much that is miserably kindred with this to
be known still? This is something like "form without power". "The kingdom of
God is not in word but in power". 

Position may be quite according to God,
but the practical godly grace with which it is filled and occupied may be scanty
and poor. And how should this warn us not to count on the virtue of a merely
pure and separated position! If it be trusted in, or held with an unjudged and
unwatched heart, even they among the uncircumcised may rebuke us. Much love and
service is often to be found within, as I have been speaking, while little of
the power of holiness and of the mind of heaven accompanies those who go outside. 

I mean is this - that there is often less grace and moral power in the purer
position than there is in the defiled connection. As with Jonathan, David loved
him dearly and yet he was not David's companion. But the companions of David's
temptations were at times a trial to him, talking on one occasion of even stoning
him, while Jonathan personally was always pleasant to him. 

What an outside
and an inside was this! And yet David's outside place was the place of the glory
then, and his companions were in the right position. But what exhibitions are
all these! 

And yet we see the same around us at this hour. There is no lesson
I would more press on the attention of my own soul than this - and I think I
can say I value it:

  • Position without
  • principles beyond practice,
  • jealousy about orthodoxy, and truth
    and mysteries
  • with little personal
    communion with the Lord - all these the soul stands in constant fear of and in
    equal judgment and refusal. 

The earnestness about many, and many a right
thing that was found at Ephesus, the stir and activity even of a religious nature
that prevailed in Sardis, and the orthodoxy of Laodicea, were all challenged
by the Lord, and we deeply justify the challenge. Revelation 2, 3. 

tithing of mint and anise when judgment and mercy were passed by, was exposed
by the divine mind of Christ; and in the Spirit the saint joins in the exposure, "Either
make the tree good, and its fruit good; or make the tree corrupt and its fruit

We refuse position without power as we would principles without
practice; or truth and mysteries and knowledge without Christ Himself and personal
communion with Him. But in the stainless, perfect page of the word we find all
honoured, and nothing thoroughly according to God but where each and all is in
its place and measure honoured. As He says Himself, "These ought ye to have done,
and not to leave the other undone". 

But here I will turn aside for a moment
to what is sweet relief to the soul: that to know Him in grace is His praise
and our joy. We instinctively think of Him as One that exacts obedience and looks
for service. But faith owns Him as the One that communicates; that speaks to
us of the privileges rather than of the duties; of the love, and the liberty,
and the blessings of our relationship to Him rather than of the corresponding
returns from us. 

This is truth, beloved, we need also now-a-days, though
it may be a little beside my leading thought just now. The call of God separates
us, but we need the Spirit of God to occupy the place according to God, and the
loving devoted mind. "Salt is good", the divine principle is the good thing.
But salt may lose its saltiness. The right position or the divine principle
may be understood and avowed, but there may be no power of life in it.

variety of moral instruction is thus provided for the soul in the words of
the Lord! But let us still listen and we shall still learn, for the mine is

The Two Tribes and a Half 

The history of the
two tribes and a half has its peculiar instruction for us. They do not stand
in company with the Lot of the days of Abraham, though in some respects they
may remind us of him. For, as I have just said, it is wonderful what a variety
of moral character and of christian experience puts itself before the soul in
the histories of Scripture; the lights and shades are to be traced as well as
the leading features. This strikes us forcibly in the history of this people. 

are not Lot but they remind us of him. Like him their history begins by their
eyeing well-watered plains good for cattle. While yet on the wilderness side
of the Jordan they think of their cattle: Abraham their father had never been
on that side of the river. Moses had said nothing to them respecting those plains
of Gilead. Nor did their expectations when called out from Egypt stop short of
the land of Canaan. But Reuben, Gad and Manasseh had cattle, and they ask for
an inheritance there on the eastern or wilderness borders of the river, for there
cattle might graze to advantage. 

They had no thought whatever of revolting,
of sacrificing the portion of Israel, or of separating themselves or their interests
from the call of God. But their cattle would be nicely provided for in Gilead
and there they desired to tarry, though, of course, only as Israelites under
the call of God. How natural! How common! 

They hold to the hope of the people
of God though not walking in the suited place of that hope. In power of character
and conduct they were not a dead and risen people but they are one in faith with
such. They would declare their alliance with the tribes which were to pass the
Jordan though they would remain on the wilderness side of it themselves. 

were not, like Lot, a people of mixed principles who deliberately form their
lives by something inconsistent with the call of God; but they were a generation
who, owning that call and prizing it, and resenting the thought of any hope but
what was connected with it, are not in the power of it. Again I say, how common!
This is a large generation. We know ourselves too well to wonder at this. 

is made uneasy by this movement and he expresses his uneasiness with much decision.
He tells this people that they bring to his remembrance the conduct of the spies
whom he had sent out years before from Kadesh-barnea, and whose way had discouraged
their brethren and occasioned forty years' pilgrimage in the wilderness. There
was something so unlike the call of God out of Egypt, in the hope of Canaan,
thus to linger in any part of the road, and Moses resents it. 

And it is
bad when this is produced, when the first instinctive thought of a saint walking
in the power of the resurrection of Christ is that of alarm at what he sees in,
or hears from, a brother: and yet how common! 

Reuben, Gad, and the half
tribe of Manasseh have to explain themselves and to give fresh pledges that they
by no means separate themselves from the fellowship and interests of their brethren;
and they do this with zeal, and with integrity too. 

In this they are not
like Lot. They would not have taken the eastern Gilead had this been the forfeiture
of their identity with those who were going to the western - the Canaan inheritance.

Moses cannot let them go as Abraham parts with Lot; they are not to be treated
in that way. 

Neither does the judgment of God visit them as it did the unbelieving
spies who brought up an evil report of the land. But Moses eyes them and fears
for them and has his thoughts anxiously and uneasily occupied about them. 

shades of difference do we find in these different illustrations of character!
What various textures may we inspect in these woollens and linens! Different
classes among the people of God and shades of difference in the same class. 

have Abraham and Moses and David; we have Lot and Jonathan and the tribes in
Gilead; we have Jehoshaphat and Obadiah - and yet these are the people of God. 

was Lot's place, Saul's court was Jonathan's place, and the palace of Ahab was
Obadiah's; while Abraham dwelt in a tent, David in a cave of the earth, and Elijah
with the provisions of God at the brook Cherith or in the Gentile Sarepta. Here
were distances! 

And so as between Jonathan and others, for Jonathan was - strictly
speaking or distinguishing - neither Lot nor Obadiah, though we generally set
them together as a class. Neither was Obadiah Lot exactly. 

And as between
Lot, Jonathan and Obadiah on the one side, and Moses, Abraham and Elijah and
such like on the other, we see the Reubenites, Gadites, and half-tribe of Manasseh - a
generation who will not admit the thought of their separation from the call and
the people of God, but who betray in moral action that which is inconsistent
with that call. And this is indeed a common class; nay, this is the common class,
Numbers 32. One's own heart knows it full well. 

Joshua, who had the spirit
of Moses, holds this same people in some fear and suspicion, just as Moses had
done before. He calls them to him and he addresses to them a special word of
exhortation and warning when the time of action in the camp of God begins. Little
things of Scripture are at times very symptomatic. It is so, I doubt not, in
Joshua 1. As to the tribes generally, Joshua has but to say, "Prepare you victuals,
for within three days ye shall pass over this Jordan to go in to possess the
land which the Lord your God giveth you to possess it". They were free; they
were in travelling order; they had but to know the hour of departure. Like Noah
all was ready for the voyage into another world and he needed only time to put
himself and his family into the vessel.

The two tribes and a half were not
so equipped in travelling order. They were encumbered, and instinctively, as
it were, Joshua acted towards them as towards a heavy baggage in the hour of
decamping. He had to challenge them - at least he felt he had - to remind them
of their pledges to Israel, for they were not under his eye as if they had been
altogether Israel themselves. In measure he is to them what the angel who came
to Sodom was to Lot. 

So mark this same people again in Joshua 22. The
ark had gone over, the feet of the priests bearing it had divided the waters
of the Jordan, and the ark had gone over conducting and sheltering the Israel
of God; and it is true that Reuben, Gad, and Manasseh had gone over too. 

Israel and the ark remained there and the two tribes and a half return - return
to settle where their brethren had but wandered; return to present this questionable
and strange sight - Israelites finding their place and their interests outside
the natural boundary of their promised inheritance, finding a home where the
ark had never rested. 

Ere they set out on the return Joshua seems to feel
this and specially warns and exhorts them; and as soon as they make the passage
and but touch the place which they had chosen they begin to feel it also. They
are not quite at ease in their souls, and they raise an altar. This is full of
language in our ears. An Israelite in the land of Gilead at this living day of
ours understands it. 

Jehoshaphat was after this manner uneasy when he found
himself on the throne with Ahab, and under the pressure of that uneasiness - which
attends on the heart of a true Israelite in an uncircumcised place - he asks
for a prophet of the Lord. This is the language of the renewed mind in a foreign

The two tribes and a half raise an altar and call it "Ed". It was
a witness, as they purposed, of this: that Israel's God was their God; that they
had part in the hopes and calling of the Israel of God. 

But why all this?
Had they taken up their portion in Canaan they would not have needed this; they
would have had the original and not a reflection. Their souls would have had
the witness within, and "Ed" would not have been needed without. But they were
not in Canaan, but in Gilead. Shiloh was not in view and they had to give themselves
some artificial, some secondary help, to prop up their confidence by some crutch
of their own devising, that it might be known that they and the Israel of God
were one. 

All this is full of meaning and is much experienced to this day.
Some witness of what we are and who we are as saints is craved by the soul, and
called for by others, when we get into a position in the world with which the
call of God does not fully combine. 

Some artificial or secondary testimony
is felt desirable; the countenance or acceptance of others, the examination of
our own personal condition, with many a restless action of the soul, reasonings
with ourselves about it all, remembrances of better days invoked now and again. 

of this secondary character like the altar at Ed is needed where the soul is
not fully simple and faithful: all this is still known, and all this I judge
is the writing on this pillar in the land of Gilead. 

Lot's wife, the pillar
of salt, has a writing upon it which the divine Master Himself has deciphered
for us; and I doubt not the Holy Ghost, the Spirit of truth, would have us under
His anointing read and learn the writing on this pillar which Israelites outside
the natural bounds of the promised inheritance once reared. 

It may warn
our souls, if we love quietness and assurance of heart and deep peace of soul,
not to return and find a settlement where the church of God has duly found a
pilgrimage. Does my soul read this writing? 

Every heart knows its own humiliation.
These disturbances of spirit, this demand of Jehoshaphat for a prophet of Jehovah,
this altar of Ed, witness both for and against us. They bespeak the saintly or
renewed mind, but they bespeak it in such conditions, such exercises and experiences,
as a more single-eyed and full-hearted love to Christ would have spared it. 

Gad, and Manasseh are challenged a second time. Joshua and the tribes in Canaan
have to challenge them now as Moses had to do before. Their altar in Gilead awakens
suspicions now as their desire to settle in Gilead had awakened suspicions then.
This is all natural and common, and all symptomatic. 

Saints in Gilead are
not such as "make their calling and election sure" to the hearts of their brethren,
at least without some inquiry. A great stir is made among the tribes who were
now in Canaan and within the conscious possession of Shiloh and of God's tabernacle
there, and an embassage is formed to inquire into this matter. 

they know not what, struck their eye which appeared to be at variance with the
common call of Israel; and it must at least be explained. What a living picture
this is. We are surely at home in such a spot as this and know the customs of
the place. 

I believe the apostle in the epistles to the Corinthians is very
much, in the New Testament form, a Phinehas, a son of Eleazar the priest, crossing
the river to inquire after the pillar in the land of Gilead. 

There were
things at Corinth which alarmed Paul, symptoms of sad departure from the common
call of the heavenly saints. They seemed to be "among the princes of this world",
to be "reigning as kings on the earth". His ministry in the meekness and gentleness
of Christ was getting to be despised and others were getting to be valued because
of their place and advantages in the world. The way of the schools, the way of
wisdom of men, was regaining its authority, and saints seemed as though they
were returning to settle where the church was to be but an unknown stranger. 

the zeal of Joshua 22, Paul crosses the river, and whatever the discovery may
be the action is a painful one and the need of it a scandal in the history of
the church.

 The tribes of Gilead may satisfy Phinehas and his brethren more
than the Corinthian saints satisfy the apostle; all such differences and varieties
in the conditions of the people of God are known at this hour, but there is this
common sorrow and humbling, that the calling and election is not made sure, and
we have either to take journeys or to occasion journeys that our ways, our Ed,
our altars, our pillars, the bleating of our flocks in the plains of Gilead,
may be inspected and inquired after instead of our resting and feeding together,
and together gathering around and learning the secrets of the tabernacle and
altar at Shiloh.  


In the New Testament the church
at Corinth was the Israelite on the wilderness side of the river. 

The apostle's
fears respecting the saints there were not respecting Judaising influences; nor
were they on account of the working of liberty of thought and infidel speculations,
at least at the time of the second epistle; nor were they respecting the turning
of grace into lasciviousness. 

These fears occupy the mind of the Spirit
in addressing other saints and churches: but at Corinth it was worldliness that
was dreaded. A certain man appears to have gained attention from the saints
there; he was one who had, both from nature and from circumstances, something
to attract
the mere worldly heart of man. He was, I believe, as modern language speaks,
a gentleman. He had a fine person and an independent fortune, and the Corinthian
saints had evidently to a great extent got under his influence. To some extent
they were beguiled. 

They had begun to look on things after the outward appearance;
they were suffering a man to vaunt himself and to take occasion to be somebody
among them, simply from the advantage he had from nature and from circumstances.
Such a bad condition of things the apostle had to withstand. Affection and confidence
towards himself had been withdrawn in measure because he had no such advantages
to boast which they were thus beginning to prize. And surely he was purposed
not to affect such things at all. And though he had certain things "in the flesh" of
which he might glory, still he would glory rather in his infirmities. He would
be "weak in Christ". 

The natural or worldly advantages which this man had
and used among the saints, our apostle exposed as Moses would expose the woollen
and linen garment or other mixtures. "Be ye not unequally yoked together with
unbelievers", says he to the saints now, as Moses had said of old to Israel, "Thou
shalt not plough with an ox and an ass together. Thou shalt not wear a garment
of divers sorts, as of woollen and linen together". But Paul himself was not
thus yoked and clothed; indeed he was not. He was among the foremost of the tribe
of Judah in crossing the river. 

Surely I may say all these things illustrate
profitable lessons for us. We are not to be mixed up with that from which the
call of God separates us; we are not to wear the garment of divers sorts. But
if we refuse it and put on only the pure clothing, take the place and be found
in the connection to which the call of God leads, we are to be there with a girded as
well as with an unmixed garment, and to watch, too, that it be unspotted

world is that, not to the improvement of which Christ calls us, but to separation
from which He calls us. But if, beloved, in form we take the separated place,
let us seek the grace and the power which alone can adorn and furnish that place
for the Lord! 

And such is the character of the hour we are now passing through.
The god and prince of this world is allowing the citizens to sweep and garnish
his house, and they are led to admire it afresh in its adorned condition, and
to flatter themselves that it is by no means the same house that it once was.
But this delusion is solemn; it is as much the home of the unclean spirit as
ever it was, and only the more suitable for him because it is swept and garnished,
and ere long he will use all these operations of the citizens for his final and
most awful purposes.  

"He that gathereth not with me scattereth". Is our
labour according to the purpose of Christ? Is it by the rule of His weights and
measures? If it be not, though we may labour in His name we are but doing what
the enemy will soon turn to his own account. 

In the parable the sweeping
and the garnishing turn out at the last to have been all for the unclean spirit,
to whom the house as much belonged as ever it did, though it be true he had left
it for a season. Whatever is done for the improvement of the house is done for
the master of the house, and Satan is the god of the world as much as ever he
was, and will be till the judgment of it by the Rider on the white horse takes

The lengthened peace of the nations which Europe so long and till
lately enjoyed gave abundant occasion to the sweeping and garnishing of the house.
In man's way the sword was turned into a ploughshare. 

The earth and its
resources, man and his skill, have been produced and cultivated beyond all that
ever was known, and the house looks different from what it was now that it is
under these cleansing and ornamenting labours of its servants. Advancement in
letters, morals, refinement, and religion is immense; peace societies, temperance
societies, literature for the million, and music for the million, with the general
confederacy of the nations, loudly tell all this, as do the boasts in the age
which are heard every hour. 

But this diligence is according to the mind
of the real master of the house, or the god of this world. This is serious truth: "He
that gathereth not with me scattereth". This is a serious word: "Be ye not unequally
yoked together with unbelievers". It is confusion. It is the illicit weaving
of woollen and linen together.  

But, beloved, while one says this, the heart
owns it and would be humbled by the confession of it, that many a dear, honest-hearted
servant of Christ who is labouring with a mistaken purpose, and working - not
by the weights and measures that are according to the standard of the sanctuary - with
a true affection and zeal, and singleness, and diligence and fervour, may be
far before others of us who have clearly discerned their mistake. 

I dread
indifference more than mixture. I would shun Laodicea more than Sardis. May we
learn the lesson in both its features

  • Sardis,
    with its religious bustle which gave it a name to live, will not do;
  • Laodicea,
    with its selfish, cold-hearted ease and satisfaction, will not do. 

us be diligent but in pure service; occupying talents, but occupying them for
rejected Master; looking for nothing from the world that has cast Him out,
but counting on everything in His own presence by and by.

J G Bellett