Edmund Hamer Broadbent (1861-1945) was the tidy-looking English
gentleman with a bookish side who discovered ways of slipping into and
out of countries that others just assumed were "closed doors." He was
not a big man, and his pleasant, easygoing manner would not have
conjured in your mind the picture of the fearless missionary.
Evidently God called just such a mild-mannered ambassador to witness
for the Prince of Peace in the uncertain days that led up to the
Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and to Nazism in Germany.
G. H. Lang indicates that brother Broadbent was converted in his
youth, and began traveling with Frederick W. Baedeker when he was in
his twenties. Early in his travels, he made a thorough study of German
and French. His studies took on real earnestness after he arrived in
Germany and realized that he did not know how to order a cup of coffee.
Most of his preaching in Europe was in the German or French tongues. He
was fluent in them, and in conversation could move effortlessly from
one language to another. In his extensive travels he also learned some
Russian. On one occasion in Germany, someone wondered if the speaker
who was to preach at the gospel meeting would be "the Englishman."
"No," was the answer, "it is not the Englishman." The fact was, the speaker was E. H. Broadbent.
Broadbent was an encourager. You cannot consider his ministry
without noting those he helped. Whether serving the aging F. W.
Baedeker in those extraordinary errands across Russia, helping W. H.
Bennet in Germany, or teaching the Bible to Professor Ferenc Kiss, the
renowned anatomy professor at Budapest University who spent months in
prison for his gospel work in Rumania, Broadbent was a true help.
Whether advising James Lees about open doors in Poland and Lithuania,
or comforting the converts in Baku on the west shore of the Caspian Sea
(where Patwakan Tarajanz and his wife and ten children became not only
survivors, but also bold witnesses for Christ during the fierce
Armenian massacre in 1916), to all these the polite man with blue eyes
and a sunny smile became their servant for Jesus' sake.
E. H. Broadbent frequently visited the assemblies in Poland along
with Adolphus Eoll, Ransome Cooper, and George Goodman. This became one
of his most encouraging fields of labor. In 1922, Broadbent wrote, "In
Eastern Poland, about 800 new assemblies have been formed within the
last two years, and the work goes on increasingly. In Western Poland
also, there are districts where there is great blessing. Throughout the
country the openings are innumerable. Some fifteen men are desirous of
giving all or much of their time as evangelists."
Meeting places were often packed. The first problem was to get
everyone squeezed in and quieted down. Then the next problem was to
keep from fainting. Perhaps their municipalities were rationing bath
water in those days; whatever the cause, the proper Englishman had to
quickly adjust to new and strange smells. One meeting in Poland was so
crowded that the little flames in their kerosene lamps sputtered for
lack of oxygen.
Ransome Cooper related how "E. H. Broadbent told me once, when we
were travelling together, of one such conference which had lasted the
full twelve hours. At 9 p.m., a number of workmen came to him and said,
'We are not due in the factory before 7 o'clock tomorrow morning; will
you give us a Bible Reading through the night on the book of Daniel?'
And he did.
"Only special grace can keep a man going on year after year along
such lines, ministering God's Word in one of three languages,
submitting to the limitations of interpretation, always fresh and
gracious in spirit, always receiving the inflow of spiritual power to
guarantee a fresh outflow."
One observant brother explained it this way: "Well, you see, he
prays much, and talks much with his Father in heaven. Have you not
noticed how often he snatches occasions to be alone with his Master,
and then how fresh he is afterwards to talk with us, all crowded into a
little cottage for hours!"
One of the preachers who went into eastern Europe with Broadbent
told about being shown his lodging for the night. The house was small,
but the bed was very large. He went to bed, and not long after, his
host came in and climbed into the same bed. In another few minutes the
hostess tiptoed in and climbed in next to her husband.
Broadbent encountered so many surprises, and in them the only change
on his face would be that smile peaking out shyly from behind his
mustache. He ate their food, slept on their rough beds, discussed their
farming methods, and played with their children. And when the sun went
down and the lamps were lit, "the Book" was opened and in a clear,
kindly way, the Scriptures became understandable and living to his
hearers. Many quickly saw the contrast with the village priest who
"always made everything obscure and difficult, and seemed to be
irritated and vexed when anyone came to him with questions." One
brother, as he listened to brother Broadbent, whispered to his
neighbor, "How all this makes one long and pray to be a better
In the Balkans, a young brother was in a "stormy, muddled, hotheaded
meeting" to deal with a local problem. On and on this miserable meeting
went until the young brother rose, weeping, and said, "Oh, my brothers,
do we not need Mr. Broadbent with us! How different everything would
have been! Can you not realize, can you not picture how he would have
handled things tonight!"
E. H. Broadbent had an ability to travel and not unravel. He trained
himself to sleep in odd places and positions. In jarring coach rides,
he would relax every muscle until all his limbs would hang limp.
It would be difficult to retrace Broadbent's journeys. Most of his
personal correspondence was unfortunately destroyed before he died. We
do have some general idea of the extent of his ministry. Besides
Belgium, Poland, Germany, Austria, the Baltics, Russia, and Turkey, he
also preached in Egypt, and North and South America. One of his most
farflung journeys was to Turkestan. Broadbent went in 1900 and in 1907,
visiting the major cities of Uzbekistan, preaching the gospel. On his
first visit, he related how he stood in crowded bazaars, being jostled
by the turbaned salesmen as they carted their merchandise about. Beside
the rows of camels, mules, and horses, he could identify Jews, Hindus,
Afghans, and Muslims all mingling together. Every other religion was
represented, but he could not see any witness for Christ, or any
evidence that any had ever existed there.
Is it legitimate for a family man to travel? Obviously, most
believers are not called to a traveling ministry. One can wonder what
might become of the local churches if the believers were all gadding
about hither and yon, from week to week. So, though most of us are not
called too far beyond the county line in our spiritual ministries,
still there are others who can say, as our Lord once did, "I must
preach in other cities also."
Dora Broadbent accompanied her husband on many of his journeys. But
most of her ministry involved raising their eight children and being
hostess in their home at Gislingham, England, where it was not uncommon
for the Broadbents to serve eighteen around their supper table. Their
home at times served as a wayside stop for beleaguered brethren (such
as the Russian Mennonites) who fled the persecutions and travelled to a
friendlier North America. Whether Edmund Broadbent should have
conducted his travels differently I cannot tell. We are told that he
and Dora were in full fellowship in his work, and that Dora's children
rose up to "call her blessed." (Proverbs 31:28)
Brother Broadbent was especially burdened about setting local
congregations on the firm footing of New Testament doctrine and
practice that would prepare the saints for persecution. It was a
critical matter to know biblically how to respond to the governing
authorities. In Bavaria, the attitude was so oppressive that laws were
instituted prohibiting unauthorized Christian meetings, especially
those meeting for prayer.
Broadbent had been in such illegal meetings; in 1913 he wrote that
the framers of those laws perceived that there was a power in prayer
whose influence they wished to avoid. In Germany, assemblies were asked
to form a confederation that complied with state requirements. But
worse than the imposition of a denominational structure were the
horrors of genocide. Many of Broadbent's hearers died under state
persecutions in Russia and in the Nazi death camps. Passages such as
Romans 8:35-39 took on an urgency in Broadbent's ministry.
As Broadbent neared the end of his ministry, he was constantly
grieved to see that the truths he had labored to teach to the scattered
saints in Europe were being systematically denied back in the United
Kingdom. Broadbent was convinced that the New Testament pattern for
missionary work and church order was being undermined by unscriptural
missionary and funding organizations. His concerns are fully expressed
in his book, The Pilgrim Church, which is a classic treatment of the
history of Christian gatherings which have remained true to New
Testament doctrines since Pentecost.
At the time of Broadbent's death, G. H. Lang penned a sixty-page
review of his life, in which he says, "The simple fact is that in
central, eastern, and south-eastern Europe there are (or, at least,
there were before the late devastating war) hundreds upon hundreds of
such Christian churches as he regarded as of a New Testament type which
came into existence through his journeys. Not that he founded them all,
of course; but it was he who visited regions where there were no such
churches and taught children of God the principles of the Word, which
by following, they were enabled by the power of the Spirit of God to
multiply, and to survive the opposition of the world and of apostate
Much of the material contained in this article is taken from:
Edmund Hamer Broadbent--Saint and Pioneer by G. H. Lang
That the World May Know, Volumes 8 and 9, edited by Fredk. Tatford, Echoes of Service
Dr. Baedeker and his Apostolic Work in Russia, by R. Sloan Latimer
Recollections of Reginald Radcliffe by his wife
James Lees--Shepherd of Lonely Sheep in Europe by Ransome W. Cooper
The Stundists, Bible Truth Publishers
The Pilgrim Church by E. H. Broadbent, Marshal Pickering
Jeremiah by E. H. Broadbent